Lusaka Zambia History
As Zambia celebrates its Independence Day, we take a look at this stunning South African nation, known for its waterways, wildlife, witchcraft and Independence Day, among other things. This landlocked country in South and Central Africa is home to the Great Zambezi River, which absorbs more water than any other river in the world, except the Great Barrier Reef in South Africa. In the north, it borders neighbouring countries such as Tanzania, Mozambique and the neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo, as well as the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The rest of the country is in the Zambezi Basin, with the river itself rising in northwest Zambia and flowing back to the east before crossing the sandy plains of western Zambia. Zambia has the longest land border west of Angola and is separated from its southern neighbor, the Democratic Republic of Congo, which it shares with Angola.
To connect Zambia with Zimbabwe and the city of Victoria Falls, visitors cross a bridge that spans the Zambezi Gorge and connects the country to Zimbabwe's capital Harare via the important Zanzibar Bridge. The long border with the Democratic Republic of Congo begins at Lake Tanganyika and follows a series of rivers that flow deep into Zambia, giving both countries a radiant centre of economic, cultural and political power, as well as cultural and cultural diversity.
The country borders the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Zimbabwe and the United States of America. There is a long piece of land where the four countries meet and it is the site of one of the most important trade routes in the world, the Zanzibar Bridge.
Zambia also shares a border with South West Africa, which is controlled by South Africa. It also borders the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa and the United States of America.
Northern Rhodesia confederated in 1953 and 1964, but the Federation was dissolved on 31 December 1963 and became the Republic of Zambia on 24 October 1964. The independence of Northern Rhodesia from South Africa and the United States of America in 1963; it was dissolved on 1 January 1965 by the Federation of Southern Rhodesia and South Africans; and on 30 November 1966 by the Union of African Republics and Commonwealth Realms of Africa (UACA). On 22 October 1967, Northern Zimbabwe became a federal state with South Africa, South West Africa, Zimbabwe, Tanzania and Zimbabwe; on 1 August and 29 November 1968, it was united with Zimbabwe and became the Republic of Zimbabwe. On 28 November 1969, North Africa joined Southern Africa.
British sphere of influence, proclaimed in the same year and declared independence from South Africa and the United States of America on 29 November 1969. British influence was proclaimed in the same year It declared itself the Republic of Zambia, a federal state with South Africa, South West Africa, Zimbabwe and Zimbabwe.
The Federation was dissolved on 31 December 1963 and Northern Rhodesia became the Republic of Zambia on 24 October 1964. The federation dissolved with the opening of the Kariba Dam on the Zambezi River, a permanent monument to the federalists who intended to link northern and southern Rhodesia forever.
Britain took over the territory as a protectorate, and Livingstone was replaced as head of the National Parks and Wildlife Service (NWS) in Northern Rhodesia. It owes its existence to the fact that it was located in the heart of what was then Northwest Rhodesia and close to Victoria Falls, which helped it develop into a tourist town.
After independence, copper prices made the country one of Africa's richest, helping to finance many subsidized government programs and products.
Africans in southern Rhodesia were less well off than those in northern Rhodesia, and Africans in northern Rhodesia were increasingly afraid of losing land to Europeans. Moreover, the white minority in Northern Rhodesia feared the influence that black populists in the north of the country might have if whites ruled the country. To strengthen their control over the southern half of the continent, they tried to join forces against the African National Congress (ANC) in the late 1930s and 1940s. This process, commonly known as the "scramble for Africa," repaired the rift between the two countries and the British-controlled northern Rhodesia, which was overrun by the Ndebele.
The Tazara Railway, also known as the Great Uhuru Tanzam Railway, connected Lusaka with Dar es Salaam in Tanzania and provided Zambia with access to trans-oceanic trade via its seaport. The same was true of the Tarzara Railway, built by the People's Republic of China to link it with the port city of Zanzibar, the capital of Tanzania and the country's second largest city.
The city is accessible via a diverse road network, with scheduled flights from Lusaka to Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar, as well as Tanzania. Although it may be overshadowed by neighbouring Botswana and South Africa, Zambia is still one of the continent's best safari destinations. It has 19 national parks, including South Luangwa, which is known as "one of the most important wildlife areas in Africa," as well as a number of national parks and wildlife reserves.